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CCF Captures Seoul

When Ridgway took command 12/26/50 after General Walker's death, Eighth Army command was pathetically ineffective, a result of both Chinese attacks and successive retreats. The Chinese XIII Army Group was advancing on Seoul, and holding the line depended mainly on improving command leadership, but to do that he would have to work with them individually and develop reserves. That would take time, too much time to save Seoul.

China Steps In

CCF Plans For Victory

Eighth Army Retreats From Sunch'on

Chinese Third Phase Campaign: CCF Captures Seoul

Chinese Third Phase Campaign: CCF Captures Seoul, January 4, 1951

Exhilarated by seemingly endless success, contemptuous of her fleeing enemies, China makes the same tragic error of overconfidence that North Korea, and then the United Nations, had made before her, and invades a seemingly helpless sovereign nation.

On January 4, 1951, the CCF captures the virtually undefended Capitol of South Korea.

General Ridgway had his work cut out for him, but he wouldn't let them stay long.

Causes of the Korean Tragedy ... Failure of Leadership, Intelligence and Preparation

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