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The Front Line Moves South

Withdrawal To Prepared Defensive Positions

The ROK 3rd Division fought many key battles as Eighth Army prepared stable defensive positions around Pusan. For example, the two battles for Yongdok were savage and hand-to-hand. The ROKs had not been given adequate anti-tank weapons, i.e. the 3.5 in Super Bazooka, and this 57mm gun was much more effective against infantry than against the deadly T34.

ROK 57mm anti-tank gun

August 1, 1950
ROK Infantry position a 57mm anti-tank gun

Against the thick armor of North Korea's T-34 tanks these were not much of a match, but they tried.

In the Korean War, these lower caliber anti-tank guns were most effective against infantry where unsupported by armor.

45mm NK anti tank gun

The Communists used 45mm anti tank guns with murderous effect against attacking infantry. The NK, in particular, deployed them against the Fifth Marines when we re-captured Seoul after Inchon. Surviving Marines still recall those deadly red fireballs.

Causes of the Korean Tragedy ... Failure of Leadership, Intelligence and Preparation

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